Department of
Obstetrics and Gynecology

UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN
SCHOOL OF MEDICINE AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Portrait

Janine S. Rhoades, MD
Assistant Professor (CHS)
MFM Fellowship Program Director

Maternal-Fetal Medicine



Office Address
McConnell Hall, 4th Floor
1010 Mound Street
Madison, WI, 53715


Administrative Assistant
Alex Kress
akress@wisc.edu
608-417-6642

Education

2007 B.S. Pre-Professional Studies & Music, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN
2011 M.D. Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO
2015 Residency Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine/Barnes-Jewish Hospital , St. Louis, MO
2018 Fellowship Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO

Certifications

Diplomate, American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Maternal-Fetal Medicine


Honors and Awards

Magna Cum Laude, University of Notre Dame

Samuel D. Soule Award in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine

The 29th Annual Dr. David Rothman Research Symposium Acknowledgement of Excellence in Research, Best Resident Presentation, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine


Professional Services

Associate Program Director, Maternal Fetal Medicine Fellowship

Ob-Gyn Department Education committee member

Mock oral board examinerfor chief residents 4/2019

Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine Fellowship Affairs Committee member

2020 Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine 2020 annual meeting abstract reviewer

American Journal of Perinatology reviewer


Memberships

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine


Maternal-fetal medicine fellowship program director perspective on virtual interviews following matriculation of the first virtual interview class

Janine S Rhoades, Adam K Lewkowitz, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Stephanie Ros

Published Date: August, 2022 - pmid:35914735 - American journal of obstetrics & gynecology MFM


Relationship Between Headache Characteristics and a Remote History of TBI in Veterans: A 10-Year Retrospective Chart Review

Colt Coffman, Deborah Reyes, Mary Catherine Hess, Alec M Giakas, Melinda Thiam, Jason Jonathon Sico, Elizabeth Seng, William Renthal, Charles Rhoades, Guoshuai Cai, X Michelle Androulakis

Published Date: April, 2022 - pmid:35470141 - Neurology


Weight gain in pregnancy: can metformin steady the scales?

Jacquelyn H Adams, John Poehlmann, Jenna L Racine, J Igor Iruretagoyena, April Eddy, Kara K Hoppe, Katharina Stewart, Janine Rhoades, Kathleen M Antony

Published Date: March, 2022 - pmid:35272547 - The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians


Metformin Exposure and Risk of Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Jenna L Racine, Jacquelyn H Adams, Kathleen M Antony, Kara K Hoppe, Jesus I Iruretagoyena, Katharina S Stewart, April Eddy, Janine S Rhoades

Published Date: May, 2021 - pmid:33940652 - American journal of perinatology


Maternal-fetal medicine program director experience of exclusive virtual interviewing during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic

Janine S Rhoades, Patrick S Ramsey, Torri D Metz, Adam K Lewkowitz

Published Date: March, 2021 - pmid:33652158 - American journal of obstetrics & gynecology MFM


Effect of virtual interviewing on applicant approach to and perspective of the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Subspecialty Fellowship Match

Adam K Lewkowitz, Patrick S Ramsey, Dayna Burrell, Torri D Metz, Janine S Rhoades

Published Date: February, 2021 - pmid:33548511 - American journal of obstetrics & gynecology MFM


A Matter of Time: Does Gestational Age Affect the Duration of the Fetal Anatomic Survey?

John R Poehlmann, Ainsley Timmel, Jacquelyn H Adams, Vivek K Gupta, Janine S Rhoades, J Igor Iruretagoyena, Kara K Hoppe, Kathleen M Antony

Published Date: November, 2020 - pmid:33155692 - Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine


Prostaglandins and cesarean delivery for nonreassuring fetal status in patients delivering small-for-gestational age neonates at term

Joshua I Rosenbloom, Janine S Rhoades, Candice L Woolfolk, Molly J Stout, Methodius G Tuuli, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill

Published Date: April, 2019 - pmid:30983445 - The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians


Effect of Oligohydramnios on Fetal Heart Rate Patterns during Term Labor Induction

Janine S Rhoades, Molly J Stout, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill

Published Date: October, 2018 - pmid:30372774 - American journal of perinatology


Implementation and Outcomes of Universal Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping at Term

Janine S Rhoades, Victoria G Wesevich, Methodius G Tuuli, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill

Published Date: September, 2018 - pmid:30208504 - American journal of perinatology


Effect of a Home-Based Lifestyle Intervention on Breastfeeding Initiation Among Socioeconomically Disadvantaged African American Women with Overweight or Obesity

Adam K Lewkowitz, Julia D López, Richard I Stein, Janine S Rhoades, Rosa C Schulz, Candice L Woolfolk, George A Macones, Debra Haire-Joshu, Alison G Cahill

Published Date: June, 2018 - pmid:29912571 - Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine


Normal Cervical Effacement in Term Labor

Janine S Rhoades, Molly J Stout, Candice Woolfolk, Methodius G Tuuli, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill

Published Date: April, 2018 - pmid:29689580 - American journal of perinatology


Defining and Managing Normal and Abnormal First Stage of Labor

Janine S Rhoades, Alison G Cahill

Published Date: October, 2017 - pmid:29078937 - Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America


Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping at <32 Weeks' Gestation: Implementation and Outcomes

Janine S Rhoades, Tatiana Bierut, Shayna N Conner, Methodius G Tuuli, Zachary A Vesoulis, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill

Published Date: June, 2017 - pmid:28561189 - American journal of perinatology


Delayed cord clamping and inotrope use in preterm infants

Zachary A Vesoulis, Janine Rhoades, Pournika Muniyandi, Shayna Conner, Alison G Cahill, Amit M Mathur

Published Date: April, 2017 - pmid:28372510 - The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians


Delivery Outcomes after Term Induction of Labor in Small-for-Gestational Age Fetuses

Janine S Rhoades, Roxane M Rampersad, Methodius G Tuuli, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill, Molly J Stout

Published Date: November, 2016 - pmid:27824403 - American journal of perinatology


Can Transabdominal Cervical Length Measurement Exclude Short Cervix?

Janine S Rhoades, Jennifer M Park, Molly J Stout, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill, Methodius G Tuuli

Published Date: November, 2015 - pmid:26523740 - American journal of perinatology


Research in education, simulation, and clinical obstetrics. 


Rhoades published in AJOG MFM

UW Ob-Gyn Maternal-Fetal Medicine Fellowship Director Janine Rhoades, MD, has published a new article in AJOG-MFM!

In “Maternal-Fetal Medicine fellowship program director perspective on virtual interviews following matriculation of the first virtual interview class”, Rhoades and co-authors compared program directors’ experiences with fellows who interviewed virtually to their experiences with fellows who interviewed in-person. The study, which utilized a survey distributed through the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine to fellowship directors across the country, found:

“There was no difference in the position of the matched fellow on the program's NRMP rank list between candidates interviewed in-person and candidates interviewed virtually. There was also no difference in the number of programs who took an internal or external candidate outside of the NRMP match process or did not fill their fellowship position. Program directors reported no difference in the fellows’ performance meeting their expectations from the interview whether the fellow interviewed in-person or virtually in their clinical capabilities (p=0.67), technical skills (p=0.96), research potential or experience (p=0.54), professionalism and ability to be a team player (p=0.72), or compatibility with the division and fellowship program (p=0.67).”

Read the whole study here! This is not Rhoades’ first time researching the virtual interview experience in fellowships – take a look at these 2021 studies examining fellowship program director experiences as well as applicant experiences with virtual interviewing.  


Rhoades becomes Director of MFM Fellowship

UW Ob-Gyn Assistant Professor Janine Rhoades, MD became the director of the Maternal-Fetal Medicine fellowship on July 1, 2022! Rhoades takes over the fellowship director role from Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine Director Igor Iruretagoyena, MD. Iruretagoyena will be the associate fellowship director for a transition period.

Rhoades served as associate director of the fellowship for a few years before taking on the director role. Her leadership is already appreciated by the MFM fellows and faculty, and she will no doubt be an incredibly successful fellowship director.

Congratulations, Dr. Rhoades!


Faculty Development Funding Feature: Janine Rhoades, MD

Each fiscal year, the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Development Committee makes available a total of $10,000 for professional development. Faculty may submit applications at any time (until funds are exhausted for the current fiscal year).

Read more about Dr. Janine Rhoades’ experience with the Faculty Development Funding Program, and learn how you can apply for faculty development funds here!

Why were you interested in the SMFM Obstetric Critical Care course?

I was interested in the SMFM critical care course, because I had several colleagues from my fellowship training who had completed the course in the past and found it really valuable. It’s a really comprehensive course, they have 23 topics and lectures. It's all online, so you have a one-year subscription or access to it to complete the courses. It's a really comprehensive sort of covering of many things that we see as MFMs of patients who are on the more, the critical care side. It includes topics on cardiac disease and pregnancy, both acute heart failure, and, you know, congenital cardiac disease and pregnancy. It has obstetric emergencies like hemorrhage. It covers topics like diabetic ketoacidosis, sepsis, a lot of things that we encounter every day. I felt like it would help me become a better MFM physician and also help me be a better educator. I now have all of these resources and materials that I can share with the residents, medical students, and fellows to help them with their critical care skills as well.

How have the skills or competencies you gained in this training supported the department more broadly?

It’s nice because they let you save the materials, so I have now all of the PowerPoints and documentation from the lectures and so I have that that I can share when I'm on service with the residents, with the students and fellows on service, and pass on the education to them. And I also have it for my own reference when I'm encountering a situation that I need to kind of jog my memory.

What was the approximate time commitment to complete your training?

I was able to do it at my own pace because you do have access for the whole year. There are 23 topics and each one is an hour to an hour and a half. So it was a lot of time, but since you can spread it out over a year, it was very manageable and a doable course.

Would you recommend this course to your colleagues?

I think it's a great course. I had heard great things about it from other people around the country who have completed it and I would support anyone whether they're MFM faculty or upcoming trainees to complete the course.

How was your experience with the UW Ob-Gyn Faculty Development Grant process? 

I found the process very easy. It was very clear on their website how to apply for the grant. You had to kind of support why you were interested in what you were asking the funding for, but it was not a laborious process by any means, and I felt like they were interested in supporting me and supporting my development.

What do faculty in the department need to know about the Faculty Development Grant system?

I think it's just great for people to know that it exists. Dr. Igor had supported me in applying for it and frequently reminds our division members that it is there. I think part of it is just remembering to think about it as another way to support things like this, these courses and things where maybe you run out of your CME money and but there's something that would really benefit your education or your career path.


UW Ob-Gyn brings posters, presentations to 2022 SMFM Annual Pregnancy Meeting

Though the meeting was virtual this year, the UW Ob-Gyn Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine brought an impressive raft of research to the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine’s 42nd Annual Pregnancy Meeting! Read about some of the incredible posters and presentations they shared at the conference:

Risk calculator for hypertension related postpartum readmission - Jinxin Tao, Yonatan Mintz, Ramsey Larson, Dakota Dalton, Kara Hoppe

(check out the risk calculator, recently published on Dr. Hoppe’s Staying Healthy After Childbirth site!)

A Spatial Approach to Examining Individual and Disparity-Level Factors and Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy - Erin Bailey, Maria Kamenestky, Alexa Lowry, Ronald Gangnon, Kara Hoppe

Is isolated small head circumference at 20 weeks predictive of FGR or SGA at delivery? - Brad Bosse, Madeline Wetterhahn, Erin Bailey, Janine Rhoades, J. Igor Iruretagoyena, Jacquelyn Adams 

A Spatial Approach to Examining Individual and Disparity-Level Factors and Birth Outcomes - Alexa Lowry, Maria Kamenetsky, Erin Bailey, Ronald Gangnon, Kara Hoppe

Understanding endothelial dysfunction in preterm preeclampsia with severe features: utility of bedside brachial artery Doppler - Jenna Racine, Ryan Pewowaruk, Alejandro Roldan-Alzate, Ian Bird, Jason Austin, Dinesh Shah, J. Igor Iruretagoyena

Diabetes Distress Scores and Black race predicts poorer diabetes control in third trimester Jennifer Jacobson, Amy Godecker, Jennifer Janik, April Eddy, Jacquelyn Adams

Is an isolated short femur an indication for growth ultrasounds? - Erin Bailey, Brad Bosse, Madeline Wetterhahn, J. Igor Iruretagoyena, Janine Rhoades, Jacquelyn Adams

Predicting small for gestational age infants: is it time to update the Hadlock model? Joseph Chou, Brad Bosse, Madeline Wetterhahn, Jacquelyn Adams

Do obese women without comorbid conditions need a growth ultrasound during pregnancy? - Madeline Wetterhahn, Kathleen Antony, Brad Bosse, Jacquelyn Adams

Congratulations to all!


Grand Rounds: Rhoades presents “Virtual interviewing in medical education: what have we learned and is it here to stay?”

On November 4, 2021, Janine Rhoades, MD, of the UW Ob-Gyn Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine presented the Grand Rounds lecture “Virtual interviewing in medical education: what have we learned and is it here to stay?”.

In the presentation, Rhoades identified advantages, limitations, and areas for improvement in the virtual interview process, discussed best practices for virtual interviews, and shared strategies to promote diversity, equity, and inclusion in the virtual interview process. 

Watch the whole lecture here.


Rhoades passes MFM boards!

We’re thrilled to share that Janine Rhoades, MD, of the UW Ob-Gyn Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, recently passed her oral MFM boards!

Please join us in congratulating Dr. Rhoades on this important accomplishment. Preparing for and taking board exams during a stressful pandemic is no mean feat!


Rhoades authors two publications on virtual fellowship recruitment

UW Ob-Gyn Maternal-Fetal Medicine specialist and associate MFM fellowship director Janine Rhoades, MD, co-authored two articles in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology – Maternal-Fetal Medicine about the virtual fellowship recruitment season of 2020.

The two articles examined the 2020 MFM match process from candidates’ and program directors’ perspectives. “Maternal-fetal medicine program director experience of exclusive virtual interviewing during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic” shares results from a survey of 71 MFM fellowship program directors about their experience with virtual recruitment: 

“The virtual interview experience was better than expected for most program directors. However, most program directors felt less able to present their programs and assess the candidates on a virtual platform compared with previous in-person experiences. Despite this, most program directors are interested in at least a component of virtual interviewing in future years. Future efforts are needed to refine the virtual interview process to optimize the experience for program directors and candidates.”

The second article, Effect of virtual interviewing on applicant approach to and perspective of the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Subspecialty Fellowship Match, examines the same virtual Match process from the perspective of candidates, and compares data collected from 2020 candidates to MFM fellows who interviewed in previous years. Experiences reported by 2020 fellowship applicants differed from applicants who participated in mostly in-person Match seasons in a few key ways: virtual applicants reported applying to more programs, spending less time away from work during the interview process, and spending less money.

Both publications provide excellent insight for approaching future fellowship recruitment seasons. Incredible work, Dr. Rhoades!


UW Ob-Gyn brings research, developments to 2021 SMFM Conference

Faculty, residents, fellows, researchers and more brought numerous posters and presentations to the virtual 2021 Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Annual Meeting at the end of January! Learn more about the wealth of research shared by our colleagues at the conference:

PRESENTATION:

Racial disparities in post-operative pain experience and treatment following cesarean birth

John Poehlmann; Tiffany Green, Katie Antony, Amy Godecker

POSTERS:

Trouble with the curve: Is an ultrasound growth curve needed to predict SGA infants?

Bradley Bosse; Jacquelyn Adams, Melissa Meyer, John Poehlmann, Janine Rhoades, Igor Iruretagoyena

Obtaining accurate blood pressures: A quality improvement initiative to increase obstetric nursing knowledge and confidence

Matt Wagar; Jacquelyn Adams, Amy Godecker, Katie Antony

Prediction of vaginal delivery utilizing intrapartum transperineal ultrasound

Stephanie Peace; Melissa Meyer, Jacquelyn Adams, Katie Antony; Luther Gaston

Comparing 32-week vs 36-week growth ultrasound for prediction of LGA infants in obese gravidae

John Poehlmann; Jacquelyn Adams, Melissa Meyer, Jenna Racine, Janine Rhoades, Igor Iruretagoyena

Impact of a Standardized Post-Cesarean Analgesia Regimen on Postpartum Opioid Use

Melissa Meyer; Katie Antony

The impact of pre-existing maternal anxiety on pain and opioid use following cesarean birth

John Poehlmann; Amy Godecker, Katie Antony

Blood pressure pattern of women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is highly affected by obesity

Narmin Mukhtarova (MFM research intern); Kara Hoppe co-authored

Postpartum blood pressure of Black women is significantly higher compared to non-Black women

Narmin Mukhtarova (MFM research intern); Kara Hoppe co-authored

Did institutional changes and patient behaviors surrounding COVID-19 affect perinatal outcomes?

Jenna Racine; Igor Iruretagoyena, Kara Hoppe

Distance matters. The effect of distance to the hospital on estimated blood loss.

Kara Hoppe; Alexa Lowry

Blood pressure pattern pre-pregnancy through 42-day postpartum of women with preeclampsia, gestational, and chronic hypertension

Narmin Mukhtarova (MFM research intern); Kara Hoppe


Women’s Healthcast: Rhoades discusses preterm birth

Preterm birth is fairly common, with one in eight women going into labor prior to 37 weeks of gestation, which qualifies as preterm. 

On this episode of the Women’s Healthcast, Janine Rhoades, MD, of the UW Ob-Gyn Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, talks about what causes preterm labor, what options are available to slow or stop labor, and what people can do to reduce their risk of delivering their babies early.

Listen to Preterm Birth now.

Did you know the Women’s Healthcast is available on all your favorite podcast platforms? Whether you like to listen on iTunesSpotifyGoogle PlayStitcherPodbean, or anywhere else, you can find us! (Just search Women’s Healthcast, and while you’re at it, may as well subscribe!)